The Use of Antibiotics in Food-Producing Animals: Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria in Animals and Humans
Antibiotics are used to treat and prevent infectious bacterial diseases in humans and in domestic and food-producing animals.
In this section:
- Occasional papers series
- Plasma Fractionation Review
- Public Health Outcome Funding Agreements (PHOFAs)
- Regulatory Plan 2007-08
- Regulatory Plan 2008-09
- Regulatory Plan 2006-07
- PHERP Review Reports
- A National Aboriginal Health Strategy 1989
- 2002 Reviews of the National HIV/AIDS and Hepatitis C Strategies and Strategic Research
- 2006 Aged Care Homes Survey
Report of the Joint Expert Technical Advisory Committee on Antibiotic Resistance (JETACAR)
Antibiotics are used to treat and prevent infectious bacterial diseases in humans and in domestic and food-producing animals. If bacteria become resistant (which can occur through the use and overuse of antibiotics), the antibiotics become ineffective.
In response to this issue, the Minister for Health and Aged Care and the Minister for Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, jointly established a Joint Expert Technical Advisory Committee on Antibiotic Resistance (JETACAR) in 1998.
JETACAR comprised experts from the areas of human health, veterinary medicine and primary industry. It was tasked with assessing the scientific evidence of a link between the use of antibiotics in food-producing animals, the emergence and selection of antibiotic-resistant bacteria and their spread to humans, and to recommend future risk management strategies.
The Government released the JETACAR report on 22 October 1999. The 22 JETACAR recommendations fall into five main categories:
- regulatory controls aimed at ensuring responsible use of antibiotics in humans and food-producing animals;
- monitoring and surveillance of the use of antibiotics and changes in antibiotic resistance patterns;
- infection prevention strategies and hygienic measures to reduce the need for antibiotics;
- education, including prudent-use codes of practice; and
- further research into antibiotic use and alternatives to antibiotics.
The full publication is available as a PDF file:
The Use of Antibiotics in Food-Producing Animals: Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria in Animals and Humans (PDF 1466 KB)
If you are having difficulty downloading the PDF document please email email@example.com and we will arrange for an alternative format or a copy to be sent to you.
When accessing large documents (over 500 KB in size), it is recommended that the following procedure be used:
- Click the link with the RIGHT mouse button
- Choose "Save Target As.../Save Link As..." depending on your browser
- Select an appropriate folder on a local drive to place the downloaded file
Attempting to open large documents within the browser window (by left-clicking)
may inhibit your ability to continue browsing while the document is
opening and/or lead to system problems.
To view PDF (Portable Document Format) documents, you will need to have a PDF reader installed on your computer. A number of PDF readers are available through the Australian Government Information Management Office (AGIMO) Web Guide website.