The Governor-General can declare a biosecurity emergency if a disease or pest poses a severe and immediate threat on a nationally significant scale to human, animal or plant health, the environment or the economy.
The Governor-General may declare a human biosecurity emergency if a listed human disease poses a severe and immediate threat on a nationally significant scale to human health.
The Health Minister may give directions and take actions that are necessary to control, reduce or remove the threat or harm.
The Health Minister may also give directions and take actions in accordance with recommendations made under the International Health Regulations (2005) to manage a public health event of national significance.
Human biosecurity emergenciesBiosecurity Bill 2012, Chapter 8, Part 2 - Human biosecurity emergencies (PDF 177 KB)
Biosecurity Bill 2012, Chapter 8, Part 2 - Human biosecurity emergencies (Word 132 KB)
Chapter 8 of the Biosecurity Bill outlines the powers and provisions relating to the declaration of a state of biosecurity emergency and the management of associated biosecurity risks.
The Biosecurity Bill includes sections similar to 2A, 2B, 3, 12A and 13A of the Quarantine Act 1908
that allow the Governor-General to declare the existence of an epidemic caused by a quarantinable pest or disease. It allows the Minister to give directions or take appropriate action to control or eradicate the danger posed by the epidemic. The Act also allows the Minister to empower national response agencies to give directions or take actions in an emergency.
The Biosecurity Bill simplifies these powers and broadens the scope of the emergency provisions to cover the threat posed by a pest or disease to human, plant and animal health, the environment and the economy.
Human biosecurity emergency
The Governor-General may declare that a human biosecurity emergency exists if the Health Minister is satisfied that a listed human disease is posing a severe and immediate threat, or is causing harm on a nationally significant scale to human health; or a recommendation has been made by the World Health Organization under the International Health Regulations (2005) (IHR).
The Health Minister may, during an emergency, give any directions and take any actions within the scope of the quarantine power; or to give effect to an IHR recommendation. To confine the scope of directions and actions to those within Commonwealth power, the directions and actions a Minister can take to address an emergency are to be listed within the Bill. EMP32(2) contains the range of directions the Health Minister can take to address a human biosecurity emergency.
Human health emergencies are primarily managed collaboratively by Commonwealth and state and territory agencies and will continue to be so under the Bill.