Smoking Nutrition, Alcohol and Physical Activity 'SNAP'

Page last updated: 07 February 2017

State / Territory

Northern Territory

Funded Organisation

National Drugs and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales

Program Objectives

This Project will undertake a randomised controlled study of the Health Intervention ‘SNAP’ in Northern Territory prisons - where smoking is banned - to prevent relapse to smoking after release from prison.

Target group/area

The target group for this activity comprises inmates in NT prisons.

Research questions/objectives

The research objectives are to:
  • assess the feasibility of delivering SNAP in NT prisons;
  • determine if the SNAP program can significantly reduce smoking relapse in the treated group compared to the control;
  • determine if the SNAP program can significantly reduce the risk factors of poor nutrition, alcohol abuse and physical inactivity for NT prisoners;
  • conduct a cost benefit analysis to determine if SNAP is cost effective in reducing the risk factors for smoking, nutrition, alcohol abuse and physical inactivity for the NT prison population; and
  • establish a cohort for a longitudinal study of prisoner health in the Northern Territory.
The research questions are:
  • Is the SNAP program, delivered to male prisoners in the NT, a feasible and acceptable method of addressing risky behaviours in this group?
  • Does the SNAP program reduce relapse to smoking at day 1, 7, 30 or 90 post release from prison in the treated group compared to the control group, and does this differ by Indigenous status?
  • Does the SNAP program reduce the risk factors of poor nutrition, alcohol abuse and physical activity at day 1, 7, 30 or 90 post release from prison in the treated group compared to the control group, and does this differ by Indigenous status?
  • Is the SNAP program cost effective treatment for the risk factors of smoking, nutrition, alcohol abuse and physical inactivity for Indigenous and non- Indigenous prison inmates?

Experimental design

The study is randomised controlled trial with a sample size of 864 NT prisoners. They will be interviewed at baseline and at follow up in the community. The treated group will receive the SNAP brief intervention.